БелПСХАГИ
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BelPSHAGI

Republican subsidiary unitary enterprise aerophotogeodesy

Land management

Preliminary approval of the location of the land

Preliminary approval of the location of the land for construction and maintenance of the facility is the initial stage of the land allotment procedure.

In order to choose the location of the land, the local district executive committee creates a special commission that will deal with this issue. For its work and consideration of the possibility of choosing a land plot for the stated purposes, the land management organization draws up land cadastral documentation. Such documentation is drawn up on the basis of the instructions of the district executive committee and the contract agreement, which they conclude with a person interested in the allocation of the land plot.

After the commission considers and selects the location of the land plot, an act is drawn up in accordance with the form established by the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus, which is then approved by the chairman of the district executive committee and, if necessary, agreed with the chairman of the regional executive committee. This document becomes the basis for the design and survey work, and in the future, the development of the project for the construction of the facility and the documentation for it necessary for the construction work.

Land plots may be provided without prior approval of the location if:
- they are included in the lists of free (unoccupied) land plots approved by local executive committees;
- they contain capital buildings or apartments in blocked residential buildings.

This item also includes unfinished conserved capital buildings and structures that suffered from damage, fire or other natural disasters, which belong to citizens, individual entrepreneurs (IP), legal entities on the basis of ownership. Another legal basis, for example, a contract, a court order, etc., can also be a confirmation of rights. documentation.

Land acquisition and provision

One of the stages of the procedure for providing a land plot is the development of a project for its allotment, which justifies the size and boundaries of the future plot, taking into account the requirements that are established as part of the rational use of adjacent land plots. The land allotment plan also defines the composition and quality of land, the easement, restrictions on the rights to use the site, the terms and conditions of its use.

In addition, the project calculates the actual losses incurred by the land user, the conditions for using the fertile soil layer on the plot, the right to cut vegetation on it and its further use, the conditions for restoring disturbed land reclamation systems, and information regarding the cadastral value of the land plot.

The development of a project for the allocation of a land plot with the establishment of its border on the ground is carried out by the land management organization on the basis of instructions from the local executive committee and a contract agreement concluded by this organization with the person concerned, at the expense of its funds. In addition to the development of a project for the allocation of a land plot with the establishment of its boundary on the ground, the contract may provide for the organization of land management services to apply for registration actions in relation to the land plot.

The development of a land allotment project is based on:
- materials of preliminary approval (if such work was carried out);
- copies of the master plan of the construction project (together with utilities), agreed in the prescribed manner with the relevant authorities;
- Schemes of the project plan for the district of individual housing development with the formation of the primary engineering and transport infrastructure;
- copies of a document that contains identification information about a citizen, legal entity;
- documents confirming the ownership of real estate (if any);
- other documents provided for by the procedure.

Establishment of the border of the land

Work on establishing the border of the land is carried out in order to determine the geometric dimensions and location of the border of the land. The boundary of the land, set on the ground with fixing its turning points with boundary marks, is a fixed border. The boundary of the land plot, established by cartographic materials, without fixing its turning points with boundary marks on the terrain, is an unfixed border.

The work on establishing a fixed border of the land is carried out by the geodetic method, and the work on establishing the fixed border of the land is carried out by the cartometric method. Work on establishing a fixed border of the land provides the opportunity for subsequent restoration of this border.

A citizen who is interested in providing a land plot shall apply to the local executive committee at the location of the requested land plot with a request for such a land plot. The establishment of a boundary on the ground is carried out by the land management organization on the basis of instructions from the local executive committee and a contract agreement concluded by this organization with the person concerned, at the expense of its funds. Familiarization of persons present during the establishment of a fixed border of a land plot in the area with the established border is carried out by visual observation of the turning points of the border of the land plot.

If, when establishing the boundary of the land plot, signs of unauthorized occupation of land plots (capital structures (buildings, structures) are located on the land plot, fences, their parts that do not belong to the candidate for copyright holders in relation to the land plot, or erected by them unauthorized (reconstructed), as well as inconsistencies in the actual use of the land plot with its intended purpose, the contractor shall notify the local executive committee in writing of the indicated facts to take measures in accordance with the law, while further work to establish the boundary of the land plot is terminated.

Restoration of the fixed border of the land

The restoration of the fixed border of the land consists in finding the location of the turning points of the previously established geodetic way fixed border of the land and fixing, if necessary, the corresponding points with new boundary signs instead of the lost ones.

The restoration of the unfixed boundary of the land plot, as well as the boundary of the land plot established by the aerial photographic and geodetic method, is not performed. In relation to such land plots, at the request of the interested person, work is being carried out to establish a fixed border for the land plot using the geodetic method.

Work to restore the border of the land in case of loss (destruction) of boundary marks and the border provides the location of the border of the land on the ground in accordance with the materials for establishing this border.

Border restoration on the ground is carried out by the land management organization on the basis of a work contract concluded by this organization with the person concerned, at the expense of its funds.

Information video and sample application for restoration of land boundaries, see below in the slider.

Land acquisition and provision

One of the stages of the procedure for providing a land plot is the development of a project for its allotment, which justifies the size and boundaries of the future plot, taking into account the requirements that are established as part of the rational use of adjacent land plots. The land allotment plan also defines the composition and quality of land, the easement, restrictions on the rights to use the site, the terms and conditions of its use.

In addition, the project calculates the actual losses incurred by the land user, the conditions for using the fertile soil layer on the plot, the right to cut vegetation on it and its further use, the conditions for restoring disturbed land reclamation systems, and information regarding the cadastral value of the land plot.

The development of a project for the allocation of a land plot with the establishment of its border on the ground is carried out by the land management organization on the basis of instructions from the local executive committee and a contract agreement concluded by this organization with the person concerned, at the expense of its funds. In addition to the development of a project for the allocation of a land plot with the establishment of its boundary on the ground, the contract may provide for the organization of land management services to apply for registration actions in relation to the land plot.

Establishment of the border of the land

Work on establishing the border of the land is carried out in order to determine the geometric dimensions and location of the border of the land. The boundary of the land, set on the ground with fixing its turning points with boundary marks, is a fixed border. The boundary of the land plot, established by cartographic materials, without fixing its turning points with boundary marks on the terrain, is an unfixed border.

The work on establishing a fixed border of the land is carried out by the geodetic method, and the work on establishing the fixed border of the land is carried out by the cartometric method. Work on establishing a fixed border of the land provides the opportunity for subsequent restoration of this border.

A citizen who is interested in providing a land plot shall apply to the local executive committee at the location of the requested land plot with a request for such a land plot.

The establishment of a boundary on the ground is carried out by the land management organization on the basis of instructions from the local executive committee and a contract agreement concluded by this organization with the person concerned, at the expense of its funds. Familiarization of persons present during the establishment of a fixed border of a land plot in the area with the established border is carried out by visual observation of the turning points of the border of the land plot.

If, when establishing the boundary of the land plot, signs of unauthorized occupation of land plots (capital structures (buildings, structures) are located on the land plot, fences, their parts that do not belong to the candidate for copyright holders in relation to the land plot, or erected by them unauthorized (reconstructed), as well as inconsistencies in the actual use of the land plot with its intended purpose, the contractor shall notify the local executive committee in writing of the indicated facts to take measures in accordance with the law, while further work to establish the boundary of the land plot is terminated.

Establishment of the border of the land

Work on establishing the border of the land is carried out in order to determine the geometric dimensions and location of the border of the land. The boundary of the land, set on the ground with fixing its turning points with boundary marks, is a fixed border. The boundary of the land, established by cartographic materials, without fixing its turning points with boundary marks on the terrain, is an unfixed border.

The work on establishing a fixed border of the land is carried out by the geodetic method, and the work on establishing the fixed border of the land is carried out by the cartometric method. The work on establishing a fixed border of the land provides the possibility of subsequent restoration of this border.

A citizen who is interested in providing a land plot shall apply to the local executive committee at the location of the requested land plot with a request for such a land plot. The establishment of a boundary on the ground is carried out by the land management organization on the basis of instructions from the local executive committee and a contract agreement concluded by this organization with the person concerned, at the expense of its funds.

Familiarization of persons present during the establishment of a fixed border of a land plot in the area with the established border is carried out by visual observation of the turning points of the border of the land plot.

If, when establishing the boundary of the land plot, signs of unauthorized occupation of the land plots (on the land plot are located capital structures (buildings, structures), fences, their parts that do not belong to the candidate for rightholders in relation to the land plot, or erected by them unauthorized (reconstructed), as well as inconsistencies in the actual use of the land plot with its intended purpose, the contractor shall notify the local executive committee of these facts in order to take measures in accordance with the law, while further work to establish the boundary of the land plot is terminated.

Division, merger of land

The division, merger of land plots is carried out taking into account the requirements of the law and is possible with respect to land plots registered in the unified state register of real estate, rights to it and transactions with it, for which land users have received documents proving their rights.

Land plots are divided into two types: divisible and indivisible. Divisible are those plots that can be divided into several parts, each of which will be a new land plot. Moreover, each new section after the section can be used according to the purpose of the previous section. Also, the concept of divisible plots implies that their division will not lead to a violation of urban planning regulations, environmental legislation, fire, sanitary, construction and other norms. If these requirements cannot be fully met, the site is recognized as indivisible.

The division, merger is carried out with the consent of interested parties. To perform work on the division, merger of privately owned land plots, the interested person applies to the contractor. In order to perform the division, merger of state-owned land plots and provided for lifetime inheritable possession, permanent or temporary use, lease, the interested person applies to the local executive committee at the location of the land plot, which, if division, merger of land of plots is possible and will not lead to a violation of urban planning regulations, environmental, fire, sanitary and other requirements, sends the contractor an order to develop a project for dividing, merging land and establishing boundaries formed as a result of division, merging of land.

When examining the discrepancy between the actual use of land plots and their intended purpose, the discrepancy between the actual boundaries of the land plots and the boundaries indicated in the documents of authenticity and (or) in the documents of the real estate register, the facts of the presence of unauthorized construction of capital structures (buildings, structures), and the discrepancy between the approved urban planning documentation and land the dispute is the basis for the suspension of the development of the division project, the merger of land plots or for the termination by the contractor of the contract for the development of the division project, the merger of land plots and the establishment of boundaries formed as a result of the division, merger of land plots. Land users and the local executive committee are notified in writing of this by the contractor.

Change the boundaries of land

Change of borders is possible in relation to land plots registered in the unified state register of real estate, rights to it and transactions with it. Work on changing the boundaries of land is carried out with the consent of all interested parties.

To perform work on changing the boundaries of privately owned land plots, an interested person applies to the contractor. To perform work on changing the boundaries of state-owned land plots and given for lifetime inheritable possession, permanent or temporary use, rent, an interested person applies to the local executive committee at the location of the land plot, which, if the change in the boundaries of land plots is possible sends an order to develop a draft change and set boundaries to the contractor.

It is not allowed to perform work on changing the boundaries of land in the case of:
- discrepancies in the actual use of land plots to their intended purpose;
- discrepancies of the actual boundaries of land plots with the boundaries indicated in the documents of certification and (or) real estate register documents;
- unauthorized construction on an unauthorized occupied land;
- the presence of a land dispute;
- inconsistencies of the changing boundaries of the land plots of the approved urban planning documentation;
- if a change in the boundaries of land plots entails the occupation of land (land plots), providing for the determination and compensation of losses of agricultural and (or) forestry production, as well as losses to land users;
- if adjacent land plots, the borders of which are changing, have different purposes in accordance with the unified classification of the purpose of real estate and (or) belong to different categories of land;
- if a change in the boundaries of land plots entails an increase in the area of land plots, including in the case of a change in the fixed borders of land plots due to lands located within the boundaries of settlements not provided to land users in the established manner and not being used by citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities .

Information video clip and sample application for changing the boundaries of the land plot, see below in the slider.



State property Committee
of the Republic
of Belarus
Republican unitary
enterprise " Belgiprozem
Design Institute»
Operating mode SE
«BelPSHAGI»
Monday-Friday 8.00 — 17.00
Friday 8.00-16.00
lunch 12.00-12.48
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